# Air standard cycle: Definition, Efficiency, Assumptions

Contents:

## What is Air standard cycle?

The air standard cycle is a thermodynamic power cycle that converts heat energy into mechanical power by considering air as a working fluid with constant specific heats (Cp & Cv).

In this cycle, the air is the only working fluid that goes through changes in its thermodynamic properties to convert heat into mechanical power.

In this cycle, there is no internal energy generation by means of burning any fuel inside of the engine.

The heat is extremely added by means of a heat exchanger & also it is rejected by using heat exchange to the sink.

It consists of a non-flow process. It means that a certain amount of air is continuously performing successive cycles. No intake or exhaust of air is permitted into the cycle.

Hence it works as a closed cycle with no mass transfer. Working fluid air is considered an ideal gas with constant specific heat.

Following are examples of air standard cycle:-

## Air standard cycle assumptions:

The Air standard cycle assumptions are as follows:-

1. Air is considered as working fluid.
2. Air has constant specific heat.
3. Air behave as ideal gas.
4. All processes in cycle as internally reversible.
5. For air Change in K.E.= 0, Change in P.E.= 0
6. No internal heat generation.
7. heat is added & rejected externally.
8. The cycle is closed & processes are non-flow processes.
9. There is no frictional losses.

## Important formulae:

1] Thermal efficiency:-

Air standard cycle thermal efficiency is given by

eta _{th}= frac{W_{Net}}{Q_{s}}

Where
W_{Net} = Net work = W_{\text{Turbine}}-W_{\text{compressor}}
Q_{s} = Heat supplied

2] Net work ratio (WR_{Net}):-

It is given by,

WR_{Net}=frac{W_{Net}}{W_{\text{Turbine}}}

WR_{Net} = frac{W_{\text{Turbine}}-W_{\text{compressor}}}{W_{\text{Turbine}}}

WR_{Net}=1-frac{W_{\text{compressor}}}{W_{\text{Turbine}}}

3] Back work ratio:-

It is given by,

WR_{Back}=frac{W_{\text{compressor}}}{W_{\text{Turbine}}}

## Difference between Air standard cycle and Actual cycle:

Here we will discuss how Air standard cycle is different from the Actual cycle: Pratik is a Graduated Mechanical engineer. He enjoys sharing the engineering knowledge learned by him with people.