The main difference between the muffler and catalytic converter is that the catalytic converter is used to reduce the harmful gases from the exhaust while the muffler helps to reduce the loud noise of the engine.
Before differentiating catalytic converter vs muffler let’s discuss each of them in brief.
What is muffler?
The muffler is the component of the exhaust system that helps to reduce the noise generated by the engine. The muffler helps to absorb the sound waves of the exhaust. The exhaust enters into the muffler from the perforated pipe. The muffler has baffles that are arranged in such a way that the waves of the sound cancel each other due to destructive interference.
- Read also: How does an exhaust system work?
What is the catalytic converter?
The catalytic converter is the component of the exhaust system that helps to reduce the harmful gases to be released into the atmosphere. It consists of the honeycomb structure plated with platinum, rhodium, or palladium. The exhaust of the engine is passed through the pores of the honeycomb structure. The catalytic converter does the reduction and oxidation of harmful gases to convert them into harmless products like CO2, water, N2, etc.
- Read also: Control of automobile emission
Difference between muffler and catalytic converter
|Sr. No.||Points||Muffler||Catalytic converter|
|1||Purpose||The purpose of the muffler is to reduce the louder sound of the engine.||The catalytic converter is used for the conversion of harmful exhaust gases (HC, CO, NOx) into harmless products (H20, N2, CO2).|
|2||Principle||The sound waves are canceled out by the destructive interference||The device uses reduction and oxidation reactions for the conversion of harmful gases into harmless gases.|
|3||Type of process||It is based on the physical process of destructive interference.||It is a chemical process.|
|4||Construction||It is made up of perforated pipes and baffles.||It consists of a honeycomb structure coated with platinum, rhodium, and palladium.|
|5||Working||The exhaust gas is passed through the perforated tubes and the baffles to reduce the noise.||Exhaust gas is passed through the small pores of the honeycomb structure.|
|6||Material||It is generally made up of aluminized steel, cast iron, etc.||The major metals used in the catalytic converter are platinum, rhodium, palladium.|
|7||Location||It is located at the end of the exhaust system.||It is located between the engine and muffler.|
|8||Cost||The cost of the muffler is lesser in comparison with the catalytic converter.||The catalytic converter is expensive equipment because of the presence of platinum, rhodium, etc.|
|9||Life||For average running condition, it has life around 4 to 5 years.||It works effectively for10 to 20 years.|
|10||Signs of failure||The indications are loud noise, lowering of fuel economy, etc.||Rattling noise and misfire of engine|
|11||Cause of failure||Due to the moisture, it gets corroded||It fails due to overheating, choking, contamination, etc.|
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