The difference between a Timing belt vs Timing chain is that timing belts are quieter, less expensive, and have a shorter life span, whereas timing chains are louder, more expensive, and have a longer life span.
Let’s have a look at some basic information on each of them before we get started.
What is a timing belt?
It is the flexible toothed belt mounted on a toothed pulley of the camshaft and crankshaft. For each cylinder, the inlet and exhaust valve open for a single time for the two revolutions of the crankshaft hence the camshaft runs at half of the speed of the crankshaft. Hence the pulleys are also made with a gear ratio of 2:1.
The timing belt also requires an idler pulley for tightening of the belt to avoid slipping the belt. The belt doesn’t make noise while running but it has lower life in comparison with other drives.
- Read here: How camshaft is connected to crankshaft?
What is a timing chain?
The components used to run the camshaft by the timing chain are the timing chain, chain guide, chain tensioner, crankshaft, and camshaft sprocket.
The timing chain is mounted on the crankshaft and camshaft sprockets. The timing chain also requires a chain guide and chain tensioner to ensure the proper engagement of the chain with sprockets. It can handle higher power and also has higher life than a timing belt.
- Read here: Comparison between Camshaft and Crankshaft?
Timing belt vs Timing chain:
|Sr. No.||Timing belt||Timing chain|
|1||The timing belt is a toothed belt made up of rubber with high tensile fibers.||The timing chain is made up of metal alloys.|
|2||The timing belt handles less power in comparison with the timing chain.||The timing chain is used for high-power applications.|
|3||It has limited life than the timing chain.||The timing chain has higher life than a belt.|
|4||It is less expensive.||The timing chain is expensive.|
|5||It is less compact for handling the same power.||It is more compact than a timing belt for handling the same power.|
|6||The idler pulley is used for tightening the belt.||The chain tensioner is used for tightening the chain.|
|7||lubrication is not necessary.||Lubrication is required to increase life.|
|8||It has chances of slipping.||There is no chance of slipping.|
|9||Its operation is less noisy.||It is more noisy than the timing belt.|