One of the key point that shows force and stress differ from each other is that the force is responsible for the deformation in the object while stress shows a measure of resistance to the deformation developed by the object.
Before moving toward our main topic, let’s know about the force and stress in brief.
Force:
Force is a push or pull action that can create motion in the object or resist the motion of the object.
Force is a vector quantity and it is denoted by the symbol ‘F’.
The force can arise due to the acceleration into the mass, gravitational or magnetic action, etc.
Example: As shown in the figure, the force acting on the ball provides acceleration to the ball which is equivalent to the product of its mass and acceleration.
Thus the force acting on the ball is given by,
F = ma 
Stress:
Stress is the internal resistance per unit resisting area developed by the object to resist the deformation. It is given by the ratio of internal resisting force to the area of crosssection.
The stress is not a scalar nor a vector quantity as it is considered as tensor quantity.
Example: As shown in the below figure, the man is stretching the rubber by applying the force ‘F’. To resist the deformation, the rubber is also developing the resistance force and this resistance force per unit crosssectional area is the stress developed into the rubber.
`\sigma` = `\frac{\text{Resistance force} (F_{R})}{\text{Cross sectional area} (A)}` = `\frac{F}{A}` ——(∵`F = F_{R}`)
Difference between force and stress:
Sr. No.  Force  Stress 

1  Force is the push or the pull action that can cause motion in the body or opposes the motion of the body.  Stress is the internal resistance force per unit crosssectional area developed by the object to resist the deformation. 
2  The force is applied externally.  Stress is developed internally. 
3  The force is the change in the momentum of the body.  Stress shows the internal resistance developed by the body against deformation. 
4  The force can cause stress in the body.  Stress never creates force. 
5  The force can create motion into the object.  The stress never creates any motion in the object. 
6  The force arises due to the acceleration of the mass, gravity, magnetism, etc.  The stress is developed due to the application of force or due to uneven temperature changes. 
7  The force is generally denoted by the symbol ‘F’.  The term stress can be denoted by the symbol ‘σ’. 
8  It can be calculated as F = m x a.  It is calculated as, Stress = `\frac{\text{Internal resistance}}{\text{Cross sectional area}}` 
9  The SI unit of the force is the newton (N) or Kg.m/s².  The SI unit for the stress is N/m². 
10  The dimensional formula of the force is [M¹L¹T⁻²].  The dimensional formula of the stress is [M¹L⁻¹T⁻²]. 
11  Force is a vector quantity.  It is considered as a tensor quantity. 
FAQs:

Are stress and force same?
No, stress and force are different terms.

How is stress related to force?
The relation between the stress and force is given by the following formula.
Stress = (Force) / (Resisting area)
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