What is single point fuel injection system?
Single point fuel injection system is the type of fuel injection system that uses a single fuel injector for mixing of the fuel. It has only one injector that injects the fuel before entering into the intake manifold.
In this system, the fuel is mixed with fuel before the throttle valve. The single-point fuel injection system is also known as throttle body injection.
Single point fuel injection system diagram:
Single point fuel injection system working:
In a single-point fuel injection system, the fuel injector is arranged before the throttle body.
The amount of fuel to be injected is decided by the engine control unit. The engine control unit takes the input from different sensors and decides the amount of fuel to be supplied for the injection.
The fuel injector sprays the fuel for mixing with the flow of air and this air-fuel mixture enters the intake manifold.
The intake manifold further distributes the mixture to all cylinders.
Advantages and disadvantages of single-point fuel injection system:
Advantages of single point fuel injection system:-
- Simple construction.
- Accurate fuel supply (in comparison with carburetor).
- Easy maintenance.
- It uses only a single injector.
- Reliable operation.
Disadvantages of single-point fuel injection system:-
- Ununiform fuel supply to all cylinders.
- Less efficient.
- It wets the intake manifold by forming a layer of fuel on the intake manifold.
- Lower fuel economy.