Modulus of resilience: Definition, Formula, Units, Examples [with Pdf]

For a particular material, the modulus of resilience is the maximum resilience per unit volume. But before discussing the modulus of resilience, it is necessary to know about resilience.

What is resilience?

When the object or specimen is strained below the elastic limit, then the energy stored in that specimen is known as resilience.

We can also say that resilience is the strain energy stored in the object when the object is strained up to the elastic limit.

It is also given by the area covered under the stress-strain curve before reaching the elastic limits.

resilience

Mathematically, it is given by,

`U=\frac{\sigma ^{2}}{2E}V`

Where,
σ = Stress
E = Young’s modulus
V = Volume of specimen

What is proof resilience?

Proof resilience is the maximum value of resilience.

Or

Proof resilience is the maximum amount of strain energy absorbed by the object up to the elastic limit.

This energy doesn’t cause permanent deformation in the object. It is also given as the area covered by the street strain curve up to the elastic limit.

proof resilience

What is modulus of resilience?

The modulus of resilience can be defined as the ratio of proof resilience to the volume of the specimen or object. It is also defined as the maximum amount of energy absorbed by the unit volume of an object up to an elastic limit.

The modulus of resilience is denoted by the symbol `U_{r}`.

Mathematically, It is expressed as,

`U_{r}=\frac{\text{Proof resilience}}{\text{Volume}}`

Modulus of resilience formula:

The modulus of resilience is given by,

`U_{r}=\frac{\sigma _{y}^{2}}{2E}`

Where
`\sigma _{y}` = Yield stress
E = Modulus of elasticity or Young’s modulus

Modulus of resilience units:

SI unit:-

In the SI system, the unit of proof resilience is J and the unit of volume is `m^{3}`. Therefore the unit of modulus of resilience is given by,

`U_{r}=\frac{\text{Proof resilience}}{\text{Volume}}`=`\frac{J}{m^{3}}`

Hence the SI unit of modulus of resilience is J/`m^{3}`.

FPS unit:-

In the FPS system, the unit of proof resilience is Btu and the unit of volume is `ft^{3}`. Therefore the unit of modulus of resilience is given by,

`U_{r}=\frac{\text{Proof resilience}}{\text{Volume}}`=`\frac{Btu}{ft^{3}}`

Hence the FPS unit of modulus of resilience is Btu/`ft^{3}`.

How to calculate modulus of resilience?

To calculate, the modulus of resilience, it is necessary to find the yield strength (`\sigma _{y}`) and modulus of elasticity of the material.

After that use the formula for calculating the modulus of resilience.

`U_{r}=\frac{\sigma _{y}^{2}}{2E}`

Modulus of resilience examples:

Modulus of resilience of steel:-

For steel, the yield strength is 550 x `10^{6}` N/`m^{2}` and the modulus of elasticity is 207 x `10^{9}` N/`m^{2}`. Hence the modulus of resilience is given by,

`U_{r}=\frac{\sigma _{y}^{2}}{2E}`

`=\frac{(550\times 10^{6})^{2}}{2\times (257\times 10^{9})}`

= 5.88 x `10^{5}` J/`m^{3}`

Hence for steel, the modulus of resilience is 5.88 x `10^{5}` J/`m^{3}`.

Modulus of resilience of aluminum:-

For aluminum, the yield strength is 250 x `10^{6}` N/`m^{2}`, and the modulus of elasticity is 97 x `10^{9}` N/`m^{2}`.

Hence the modulus of resilience is given by,

`U_{r}=\frac{\sigma _{y}^{2}}{2E}`

= `\frac{(250\times 10^{6})^{2}}{2\times (97\times 10^{9})}`

= 3.22 x `10^{5}` J/`m^{3}`

Hence for aluminum modulus of resilience is 3.22 x `10^{5}` J/`m^{3}`.

Modulus of resilience FAQ’s:

  1. What is modulus of resilience?

    The modulus of resilience can be defined as the ratio of proof resilience to the volume of the specimen or object.

  2. What is modulus of resilience formula?

    The formula of modulus of resilience is Ur = σy^(2)/(2E)

  3. What is the difference between resilience and modulus of resilience?

    Resilience is the strain energy stored by an object before reaching the elastic limit while the modulus of resilience is the maximum value of resilience per unit volume.

  4. Is modulus of resilience the same as modulus of elasticity?

    No, the Modulus of elasticity is the ratio of normal stress to the normal strain in the object while the modulus of resilience is the ratio of the proof resilience to the volume of an object.

  5. Is modulus of resilience the same as toughness?

    No, modulus of resilience is only associated with the area under the stress-strain curve up to the elastic limit while the toughness is associated with the area under the complete stress-strain curve.

  6. What is the modulus of resilience of material in tension?

    For the material in tension, the modulus of resilience is the maximum resilience per unit volume.

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